ISRO is on its way to create history because the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is all set to carry out the most ambitious project Chandrayaan-II. This will be the second lunar exploration mission of ISRO. Before that, in October 2018 ISRO had launched Chandrayaan-1. ISRO has certainly made its mark as one of the front-runners in the space race representing India.
The ISRO has developed this ambitious moon exploration project of the Government of India, and it is expected that the project will be carried on in the first quarter of 2018. It will be launched by a Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLLV Mk II). It includes some made in India equipment like lunar orbiter, lander, and rover.
For the first time in Indian history after four years to attempt the mission, ISRO is all set to land the Chandrayaan-II on the moon. The last successful lunar exploration mission was in 2013, and that time China’s ‘Yutu’ rover was launched.
It may be noted that Chandrayaan-1 was launched in 2008 from Sriharikota off the East coast of India and around $83 million was spent on the mission. It had discovered some magmatic water on a Moon crater. In November 2008, it crashed into the Moon. However, it had completed around 80 percent task.
ISRO is currently developing three unmanned vehicles which will be used in the mission. That will be an orbiter craft which will hover above the Moon’s surface, a rover, and a lander that will safely land the rover on the Moon. The instruments on the rover will examine the lunar surface and will give some important data which will be used to carry out a detailed analysis of the moon’s soil.
The rover will conduct a chemical investigation on site after that it will send the results to Earth through the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter. Chandrayaan-2 weighs around 3290 kilograms.